Unpacking Operation Solomon, 30 Years Later

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We’re Curious...

This week marks the 30th anniversary of Operation Solomon, the famous Israeli airlift that brought more than 14,000 Ethiopian Jews to Israel in less than 36 hours (on May 24 - May 25, 1991). What is the story of the Ethiopian Jewish community, and why did Israel carry out this operation? And why does Operation Solomon matter to Israel today?

What was Operation Solomon?

Let’s start from the beginning. The Jewish community of Ethiopia — known in Hebrew as the “Beta Israel” (or “community of Israel”) — lived in complete ...

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