Is criticizing Israel anti-Jewish? Not necessarily. Israel — like all countries — is, and should be, subject to political criticism over its conduct. However, in many places where it is unacceptable to openly hate Jews, it is respectable to criticize the Jewish state, and so some bigots will say their problem is with Israel, when their real problem is with Jews. Here’s how to tell the difference between the good faith critics and the bad faith bigots.